Global United Front Work Strategy by the Chinese Communist Regime

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WOIPFG 24/04/2008


1. Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s global united front strategy

1.1 Chinese Communist leaders on the united front”

1.2 Strategy change from the "world revolution" to the "patriotic united front" across the borders

2. Chinese Communist Party’s overseas forces in action

2.1 CCP’s overseas “underground” Party organized activities

2.2 Using public funds for training leaders of overseas Chinese, joint activities and summer camps for overseas young Chinese

2.2.1 Overseas Chinese leaders’ training class in China

2.2.2 Overseas “friendship associations”

2.2.3 Summer camps for overseas Chinese youth and teenagers

2.3 Overseas “Chinese community social activities” organized to carry out Chinese Communist Party’s messages and objectives

2.3.1 CCP’s National Day Celebration

2.3.2 Overseas Chinese patriotism exploited by the CCP during the Beijing Olympic Torch Relay

2.3.3 CCP-controlled activities against the dissidents

2.4 The Overseas Chinese Communist forces with “the right to vote” forming

2.4.1 China Council for the promotion of peaceful national reunification

2.4.2 Association of Chinese Scientists and Engineers

2.4.3 Fang’s Newspaper Empire

3. Major tactics used by the CCP to control overseas Chinese

3.1 Enticing overseas Chinese media to become part of the Chinese Communist propaganda vehicle

3.2 Chinese Communist’s “root effort” to nurture and develop its power and influence overseas.

3.3 Make social dignitaries and luminaries the target of United Front Work

3.4 Budget and funding specifically established for the overseas unified front work

3.4.1 Upper/elite class entertainment and lobbying

3.4.2 Unified front propaganda advertising and media budget

3.4.3 Overseas “united social and friendship activities”

3.4.4 Dedicated budget and funding for the overseas Chinese culture “education”

4. Seeking and gaining World Wide resources through an Open Door Policy

4.1 CITIC (China International Trust and Investment Company) is the largest window to attract and utilize foreign capital

4.2 Increasing the dependency and reliance of Chinese markets by developed nations to attract and draw advanced technologies and major overseas fundings


On April 9, 2008, the Beijing Olympics Torch reached San Francisco. This would be its only stop in North America. After a series of massive protests in the UK and France where the protesting crowds overwhelmed the pro-China supporters, the Chinese Communist regime began to mobilize through its embassy and consulates in the US. Virtually all available human resources in the San Francisco Bay Area Chinese Communities, Chinatown, as well as human resources from the neighboring areas were called upon to amass a huge supporting group. This was the first time the Chinese Communist regime openly demonstrated its will and power to mobilize large scale Chinese Communities while under the scrutiny of major US social groups and Western media. It also exposed the long-term effect of the Chinese Communists of organizing and controlling local Chinese Communities.

A well-known private intelligence analysis firm, Strategic Forecasting Inc, conducted an analysis on this special San Francisco incident in its “Terrorism Intelligence Report.” [1] This report aimed to comprehensively reveal the background factors of this incident in both theory and its practical operational perspectives.

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was founded by the Chinese Communists’ objective of a totalitarian, authoritarian dictatorship and the doctrine of Marxism. [2] As soon as they seized power in Mainland China, the CCP began its tyranny with the goal of brutally and systematically purging traditional Chinese values, moral conduct and civilization. This resulted in the unnatural deaths of 80 million Chinese people. [3] It also caused major damage to the social environment, natural habitat, and disrupted people’s lives. Even though the Chinese Communist Regime repeatedly proclaims how good the Socialist System is, how “great” the CCP is, the number of Chinese abandoning their homes and immigrating to other countries increases daily. The International Organization for Migration [4] and U.N. Secretary Kofi Annan [5] drew the same conclusion that “China is the country with the largest overseas immigrants.” According to historical records, the total accumulated overseas Chinese immigrants up until 1949 brinked 10 million. [6] However, up until 2005, overseas Chinese immigrants increased sharply to 35 million. [7] So in the short span of 56 years from 1949 to 2005, there were at least 25 million Chinese immigrating overseas, accounting for 2.5 times the historical total immigration population.

At present, 90 percent of the 30 million overseas Chinese immigrants and their descendants have adopted citizenships from their residing countries (foreign national Chinese). [8] But the Chinese Communist regime never let go of its grip to control these Chinese immigrants, [9] or ways to transform their ideology. They exploit and utilize them to expand the Chinese Communist sphere of influence in the international society.

Under the leadership of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council [10] and with the cooperation of the Department of Consular Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, [11] the regime has established a Chinese immigrant political strategy and procedures that specifically targeted the overseas Chinese. They have conducted systematic, long-term deceptive propaganda and indoctrination of Chinese Communist ideological concepts.

The regime has worked on exploiting Chinese immigrants’ sentimental emotions towards their homeland, confusing them and lumping together the notion that China and the CCP are the same, instigating Chinese immigrants to legitimize and act loyally to the Chinese Communist Party. The implementation of this strategy is carried out by the United Front Work Department of the CCP Central Committee. [13] The Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs of the State Council specifically emphasized, “Maintain the continuity of the work in overseas Chinese affairs,” requesting officials of overseas Chinese affairs to “identify, nurture and establish major targets” among 2nd and 3rd generation overseas Chinese, as well as new immigrants. [14] Even though the Chinese Communist’s activities of “overseas Chinese affairs” were not conducted in the Communist organizational forms, such political alliances formed overseas under the driving force of the Chinese Communist regime, with the purpose of “conducting work for Chinese Immigrants, Overseas Chinese and its Social Organizations” [15] being very similar to the then “Third Communist International” formed by the Soviet Communists. [16] Their purpose was to seek out representatives and to establish Communist branch offices in various countries. Such effort directly nurtures and establishes Chinese Communist influences inside the belly of other nations. Such political alliances have the same will as the Chinese Communist regime, exerting subtle and gradual influence on the value direction and national policy of residing countries through ideological infiltration and assault. In the eyes of the international society, the Chinese Communist regime is, quietly and without traces, seizing a controlling power of other nations beyond its own domain. Now, a huge network of political alliances, organizations, social clubs and administrative divisions under the control of the Chinese Communists has been established within many countries. They have essentially become a nation within a nation among many countries.

1. The Chinese Communist Party’s Global United Front Strategy

The so-called United Front, according to the explanation of the CCP Central Committee United Front Department, “specifically refers to the political coalition of various social political forces (including various classes, strata, political parties, groups, and even ethnic groups, and countries, etc.) formed under some historical circumstances, based on common interest for a fixed common goal, under the theoretic guidance of Marxism, organized and led by the Chinese Communist Party.” [13] The united front is one of the “three magic weapons” of the CCP’s revolution, [17] and is an effective tool for the CCP’s expansion.

1.1 Comments on the United Front Work by the CCP Leaders

In 1939, Mao said in the first issue of “The Communists” that “The united front, the armed struggle, and party building are the three magic weapons of the Chinese Communist Party to defeat enemies in the Chinese revolution, three major magic weapons.” [18] “Without the united front, the revolution would not have succeeded. Even if it succeeded, it would not have been consolidated.” [19]

Deng Xiaoping once said soon after the CCP took power, “The united front is a concrete application of Marxism-Leninism’s strategies, tactics and principles.” [20] On August 15, 1979, Deng Xiaoping gave explicit direction to the 14th national conference on united front work: “The united front work is a task for the entire party, it depends on the entire party to do it. Party committees at every level should include the united front in their agenda.” [21]

On December 4, 2000, Jiang Zemin said at the 19th national conference on united front work, "The fundamental task of the united front work is to fight to win people’s hearts and gather the forces." [22]

On July 10, 2006, Hu Jintao said at the 20th national conference on united front work: "The united front is an important magic weapon of the Chinese Communist Party to govern and rejuvenate the country," "to consolidate and develop the broadest patriotic united front is an important, integral part of our party improving its ability to govern." [23]

1.2 Strategy change from the "world revolution" to the "patriotic united front" across the borders

In early 1966, the CCP thought the "world revolution" had come to a climax. On May 16, the Great Cultural Revolution began under Mao Zedong's call, aiming at complete destruction of traditional Chinese philosophy, morality and civilization. [24]

The CCP’s reckless forced exportation of “Mao Zedong’s Thought and the Cultural Revolution" caused 30 countries to have diplomatic conflicts with China, while 48 countries had established diplomatic or semi-diplomatic relations with China. [25] The isolation in the international environment forced the CCP to shift its strategy. On August 12, 1977, the CCP announced the end of “the First Proletariat Great Cultural Revolution,” which lasted for 11 years. [26]

On October 2, 1977, responding to the need to stabilize the CCP’s regime, and to improve its situation in the international community, Deng Xiaoping started a new channel of external expansion by saying "overseas relationships are a good thing, it can open relations from all aspects." [27] Those who used to be discriminated and persecuted because of their “ties with overseas” have now become “links and bridges” to the overseas targets of the CCP’s united front work.

On June 15, 1979, in his opening remarks to the 2nd session of the 5th National Political Consultative Conference, Deng Xiaoping said that a new alliance consisting of two kinds of “patriots” both in and outside of mainland China had taken shape. [28] This "patriots political alliance”, as called by Deng Xiaoping, consists of one alliance of the “democratic parties” under the leadership of the Communist Party, and the other by the “patriots” outside mainland China, including those in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, and overseas Chinese.

In 1981, the CCP formally renamed its united front during this period as the "patriotic united front." [29]

In May 1985, the Secretariat of CCP Central Committee required in its directive to strengthen the united front work to “boldly carry out united front work overseas." [30]

In June 1986, Deng Xiaoping personally met with more than 200 relatives of the "red capitalist" Rong Yiren from the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Brazil, Hong Kong, Macao, and other countries and regions.
Deng told them that “this reunion of your family,” “is the sign of our nation’s unity and an exercise.” [31]

After drastic changes in Eastern Europe and especially after the collapse of the former Soviet Union, for fear of following the steps of the Eastern European Communist Camp, which had collapsed like a house of cards, the CCP issued on July 14, 1990 “Notice of the CCP Central Committee to Strengthen the United Front Work”. [32] This notice was sent to united front personnel at all levels in the entire country. It emphasized in the notice that the core of “the patriotic united front” is the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, and demanded “to vigorously carry out the united front work overseas… to actively strengthen and develop connections with influential representative persons and groups, to carry out the work in a guided, organized, multi-channeled and diversified manner.

The CCP Central Committee United Front Work Department set up key topics for research and provided the outcome of such research as an important reference for the CCP central and local committees in their policy making regarding the work of the united front. [33]

Some results of the key research were included in the 2004 Blue Book of the CCP Central Committee United Front Work Department:

(1) "Cohesion of the Chinese nationality” as the soul and backbone of the “united front”;

(2) Enhance the attractiveness of the Chinese Communist Party as the national core and the attractiveness of the banners of socialism and patriotism;
(3) Focus on "cultural identity, patriotism to the country and hometown" to enhance the cohesion among non-communist people in mainland China, Chinese people in Hong Kong, Macao and overseas. [34]

In early February 2007, the CCP Central Committee United Front Work Department published "Comments on implementation of the ‘cohesion project’ in the united front work (Trial),” [35] which specifically pointed out to “closely unite the members of the united front around the CCP." Tasks include:
(1) "Consolidate and develop the CCP-led multi-party cooperation in the political structure";
(2) "Hold high the banner of patriotism";
(3) "Continue to use those effective activities and carrier like 'memorial service for Yellow Emperor (Huang Di) in Huangling County', 'overseas outstanding youth gather in China', etc."

(4) “Strengthen the 'centripetal force' and direct Hong Kong, Macao and overseas Chinese inward towards their motherland” by giving full play to the “leading role” of the “advanced socialist culture” and “promoting Chinese language education overseas.”

These contents show that the research outcome and tasks of the united front work by the CCP aim to transform to transform the Chinese people’s national identity into the identity of the CCP.

2. Chinese Communist Party’s Overseas Forces in Action

As early as the Sino-Japanese War, the CCP established the branch offices of the Communist Party and various organizations. [36] Under the CCP’s incitement, overseas Chinese agreed with the CCP’s political view and followed its order. Especially after October 19, 1950 when the CCP’s army combated with the UN army in South Korea in order to support Kim II Sung, [37] many countries began to suspect the Chinese as “the fifth garrison exported from the Communist Party.” On February 1, 1951, a resolution was passed during a UN conference, in which it condemned China for invading North Korea. This later caused the large-scale “anti-Chinese” wave in Malaysia, colonial England, Thailand, Burma, and Vietnam. The Overseas Chinese Affairs were suddenly isolated and experienced a difficult position in the international society. [38] In 1952, being anxious to improve its position and wash off the image of an invader, as well as to protect the long-term survival and development of the overseas CCP’s forces in the residing countries, the CCP made major strategic adjustments. On the surface, it cancelled the CCP’s overseas branch office “Overseas Chinese Party” that conducted the activities publicly overseas [39]. In 1966, the CCP's forceful export “revolution” once again faced strong resistance from international society. The CCP once again changed its strategy and became active on the international stage with a more deceiving mask.

2.1 “Underground” Party Organizational Activities in the Overseas Companies and Organizations Funded by the CCP

The SINOHYDRO Corporation is a large international enterprise directly under the control of the Central and State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council. [40] On August 24, 2006, the tentative Party committee of the company issued “Guidance for Reinforcing Party Development Work in the Overseas Operating Units.” The 18th rule in “The Principles of Party Activities for the Overseas Operating Units” states, “When corporations, international enterprises and their subsidiary companies set up their overseas operating units, they need to simultaneously establish a Party organization to insure that wherever there is a management project and personnel, there is a Party organization.” The 32nd rule states, “All overseas Party organizations in the overseas operating units must report to and be under the leadership of the Party Committee of the Chinese Embassy in that country.” The 33rd rule states, “When establishing Party organizations, overseas operating units need to conform to the situations of the residing country. It is not advised to openly hold large-scale activities or conferences in the name of the Party organization, nor can the internal information of the Party be exposed. One cannot accept foreign media interviews in the name of the leader of the Party organization.” [41]

China National Oil & Gas Exploration and Development Corporation (CNODC): By the end of 2004, this company had 31 overseas companies with 12,000 staff members in total, working on 45 contract projects in 21 countries in four continents. With the principle of “wherever the team is, the Party organization should be established and its activities should be initiated,” the tentative Party Committee of this company had established Party Committees in Sudan, Venezuela and Kazakhstan, and a joined Party General Branch in Indonesia. It has five Party general branches and 39 Party branches. The tentative Party Committee also made every effort to recruit the Party members from excellent technical personnel and management staff. It held a total of 28 training sessions for Party member candidate activists, with 114 staff and youths recruited to the Party members. The number of the Party members increased to 662 in 2005 from 50 in 1997, a number comprised of 56.7% of its total staff. [42]

The China Geological Engineering Corporation (CGC) is a central enterprise that primarily deals with international contract projects. It has management departments, project departments and offices in nearly thirty countries in Asia and Africa. It has 115 overseas Party members. Since June 20, 2004, the CGC Party Committee has started to “thoroughly investigate the number and distribution of overseas active Party members,” “so that overseas active Party members have unified guidance even though they are physically distant from their homeland.” “Conforming to the requirement of wherever there are Party members, there are Party organizations; wherever there are Party organizations, there are systematic organization agendas. Establish and strengthen the Party branch offices and ensure every Party member is under the management of the Party branches.” [43]

On June 30, 2006, the business division of the Chinese Embassy in Cote D'Ivoire held a Party organizational meeting for China-funded enterprises, celebrating the 85th anniversary establishment of the CCP. They organized Party members from various companies including the Bridges Company, business trade center, overseas pharmaceutical companies, the Shanghai Textile Company, the Tianshi International as well as Xinhua News Agency, and Teachers Group to Aid Cote D'Ivoire. The economics and commercial consul stated regarding the conduct of overseas Party members, “Every Party member carries the glorious historic mission and manifests the policy of the Party,” “with your own act to practice the Party Central Committee’s important strategic plot of ‘stepping out’.” [44]

2.2 Using Public Funds for Training Leaders of Overseas Chinese Community and Summer Camps for Overseas Chinese Youths and Teenagers

Training for Leaders of Overseas Chinese Community

Zhou Lishuo, Reporter from China News, reported from Guilin City on May 29, 2006: “In order to encourage and nurture more overseas Chinese youth to serve in Chinese communities, the Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs under State Council invited over 30 young to middle aged Chinese from Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Australia, U.S., France, U.K., and Holland to attend the third session of “Advanced Training for Young Generation Overseas Chinese Entrepreneurs” in 2006. The students attending the training session all assume important roles in overseas Chinese associations in their respective countries. Most of them are children of renowned Chinese businessmen or leaders of these associations. They are financially well off, and have the enthusiasm to serve the Chinese community. These people have great potential as the future leaders of overseas Chinese communities, so they are really worth teaching.” [45]

According to news released from the Office of Overseas Affairs under State Council on June 12, 2007, the Office of Overseas Affairs in Zhejiang Province “hosted Training Classes for Young Overseas Chinese Community Leaders for three consecutive years since 2004, with great support from Chinese Embassies and Consulates in other countries, in order to enhance the training of overseas association leaders and to maintain the pro-China source outside China. Since 2004, 89 young or middle aged Chinese leaders from Europe, Australia, Africa, South America and North America attended the training. Thus, we were able to enhance the training and the guidance for these community leaders….” [46]

In the afternoon of August 17, 2007, after the completion of the Fourth Training Session for Leaders in Overseas Chinese Community, the graduation ceremony was held in the Diaoyutai State Guest House. The Director of the Office of Overseas Affairs under State Council, Li Haifeng, Deputy Director Xu Yousheng, and Vice President of the National Committee of the People's Political Consultative Conference attended the ceremony. Luo Haocai personally handed the graduation certificates to the students. There were 43 students in this training session. They were from Canada, U.S., Mexico, Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Chili, Australia and New Zealand. Luo Haocai stated that hosting such training sessions was “an innovative strategy” that the Office of Overseas Affairs adopted based on the current situation of overseas affairs, and it will help with the development of the work for the overseas Chinese affairs. [47]

In the “Reform Plan to Maintain the Advanced Features of Communist Party Members” in Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, it stated: “Strengthen our connection to young generations amongst overseas Chinese; try our best to host the second provincial training session of overseas association leaders in Huzhou City.” [48]

On May 29, 2007, 37 overseas Chinese community leaders from 15 countries whose hometown was Rui’an came back to Rui’an to attend the First Training Session for Overseas Chinese Community Leaders. The content taught at the training session was “custom-made” for these leaders. In addition to five classes on interpersonal relationships, management of personnel, international political analysis, foreign affairs policies and rules, etiquette in business, quality for community leaders and community management, there were also classes introducing the economic development in Rui’an. According to responsible persons in the Office of Overseas Affairs at Rui’an, they “spent more than 100,000 Yuan to host this free training session for these overseas Chinese community leaders.” [49]

The following is a partial list of overseas Chinese community leaders who had been to such training sessions in China between 2004 and 2007.

Xu Jiyou (male)

President of the Association of Overseas Chinese from Guangzhou City in U.K. He was born in Dongping Village, Baiyun District of Guangzhou City. He later immigrated to the U.K. and was involved in a restaurant business. In 2004, he took the initiative to establish the Association of Overseas Chinese from Guangzhou City in the U.K. and he took on the role as the president.[50] He had attended training for overseas Chinese community leaders organized by the Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs under State Council. There are more than 300 members in the Association. Most members came from Baiyun District, Guangzhou City. Currently, there are more than 2,000 Chinese from Baiyun District of Guangzhou City living in the U.K. Most of them live in Manchester. [51]

Yang Chunlai

Yang is the head of the Association of Chinese Scientists and Engineers (ACSE). He left Beijing in 1990 to migrate to the United States. ACSE was established two years later in Chicago, and was formally registered with the state of Illinois. The association has members in over 20 states, and its headquarters is based in Chicago. [52] In May 2005, Yang went to Beijing for training with other leaders of overseas Chinese organizations. [53] On June 21, 2007, at the 4th Annual World Overseas Chinese Community Association Friendship Conference, hosted by the Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs of the State Council, and the China-Overseas Exchange Association, [54] Yang gave a speech, saying that "one needn’t return to one's country to serve one's country," and "we now have 1,500 members, with roughly a third of them possessing U.S. citizenship. Through our members' relationships with friends and family members, I estimate that we can influence 500 ballots." (2008 is the Presidential election year in the United States) [55]

Li Guosheng

Li, who hails from Yuyao City of Zhejiang Province, is the Secretary-General of the Singaporean overseas Chinese organization, Association of Native Chinese. In 1993, he settled down in Singapore with a position in Singapore's United Morning News. He also offers service to the Singaporean overseas Chinese organization, Three River Guild, by assisting the group's chairman, Shui Mingzhang. In May 2001, Li became Secretary-General of the Association of Native Chinese, which has 400 Singaporean Chinese as its members. On July 4, 2006, when Li attended the Third Annual Study Session of Zhejiang Province for Young and Middle-Aged Leaders of Overseas Chinese Communities, Chen Xiaolong, head of the Yuyao City Overseas Chinese Affairs Office, made a special trip to Hangzhou to visit him. [56]

Jiang Weimin

Jiang is currently the president of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology in Utah (CASTUT). In 2007, he went for training at the Fourth Annual Study Session for Young and Middle-Aged Leaders of Overseas Chinese Associations sponsored by the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council. [57] CASTUT is described as a non-political, non-profit professional organization established in New York in 1992, and registered in the United States. CASTUT was established at the end of 1996. Its members are mainly Chinese professionals in the fields of science and technology, engineering, law, finance, culture and education, and professionals in other areas who reside in the United States. [58]

Zhang Xieling

Zhang is the President of the Northeastern Chinese Association of California, President of the U.S.-based Sino-U.S. Industry and Commerce Federation, President of the Northeastern Chinese Overseas Friendship Association, and the Managing Director of the International Haitong Company of America. [59] Under the direction of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the Municipal Government of Harbin City, he developed the Harbin City Overseas Exchange Association (HOEA), and was the "Specially Invited Overseas Director." [60] In 2007, he went for training at the Fourth Annual Study Session for Young and Middle-Aged Leaders of Overseas Chinese Communities, hosted by the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council.

Zhang Yue

Zhang is the Vice-President for the Association for Promotion of the Peaceful Unification of China of the Northern Territories of Australia. In 2007, he went for training at the Fourth Annual Study Session for Young and Middle-Aged Leaders of Overseas Chinese Associations, hosted by the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council. [61]

In addition, a large number of overseas Chinese from all over the world have received the training for “Overseas Chinese Leaders” given by the departments at all levels of the Chinese government. For detailed information, please contact World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong.

Getting Together for Overseas Chinese

According to Huasheng News from Hangzhou City, one of the overseas Chinese online newspapers, the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office in Huangzhou held a directors’ meeting on February 28, 2006. On behalf of the Communist Party Committee of this Office, Director Chen Shulong made a plan for five key projects in 2006: “Actively launch networking activities with overseas Chinese, continuously increase the pro-China forces abroad, organize networking conferences for overseas Chinese who were originally from Hangzhou or Hangzhou descendents, host educational sessions for overseas young Chinese leaders, and establish relationship with Chinese organizations in South America and Africa where we do not have much resource of overseas Chinese affairs. [62]

The Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of Guangzhou City made a strategic working plan on July 10, 2006 that included: (1) Support and help new overseas Chinese associations to grow and to blend into mainstream society. Train a group of young to middle aged leaders, helping them to gradually become the leading force of local overseas Chinese communities; (2) Invite 20-30 key persons from overseas to come to Guangzhou to attend activities aimed at establishing friendships every year with public funds. Also, invite 10-15 capable, influential young to middle aged association leaders to visit Guangzhou with public funds. Organize summer camps for juniors from overseas and Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao with public funds. [63]

Summer Camps for Overseas Young Chinese

In order to strengthen its control of overseas Chinese, the CCP uses state funds to organize a large number of summer camps for overseas young Chinese and for young Chinese from Hong-Kong, Macao and Taiwan. [63]

In 2006 alone, China’s Overseas Office collaborated with local overseas offices to hold many large-scale “Root-Seeking Summer Camps in China” activities and other cultural activities, attempting to impose more influence on young Chinese Americans. More than 11,000 junior Chinese Americans from 61 countries and regions participated in these activities, a shocking number and scale. [64]

2.3 Overseas “Chinese Community Social Activities” organized to carry out Chinese Communist Party’s messages and objectives

According to statistics, there are roughly 10,000 overseas Chinese organizations around the world. [65] In examining the contents and nature of these organizations' activities, we see the scope of the CCP's control over overseas Chinese communities.

2.3.1 Chinese Communist Party’s National Day Celebration

The CCP always pays special attention to the annual “National Day Celebration”(the date when the CCP came to power in China, “Oct 1” for short below), including a reception and “Flag-rising Ceremony” organized by the Chinese embassies or consulates around the world. According to incomplete statistics, 36 such kind of receptions were held in 2006 in countries like Canada, US, Britain, France, Holland, Jamaica, Germany, Italy, Slovakia, Egypt, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Thailand, Vietnam, Burma, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, Venezuela, Iran, Nepal, Afghanistan, etc.; [66] and in 2007, that number increased to at least 80. [67] The description on Chinese government's gateway website ( marks the three basic characteristics of those “Oct 1” activities as - “to display power,” “to demonstrate cohesive force” and “to make good use of appealing power” [68] “Since early September, various departments of the Chinese embassies and consulates started to send out 'Oct 1' reception invitations to local government officials, organizations, foreign delegations, overseas Chinese groups, China funded companies, foreign correspondents, and so on.” [69]

Some reception scales were quite large. On the evening of September 25, 2006, the Chinese Consulate General in Los Angeles held an “Oct 1” reception at the Hilton Hotel where 2000 people were in attendance, including California state officials, council members, overseas Chinese, Chinese students abroad and representatives of China funded companies, etc. [70]

On the day of the celebration, in addition to a reception and entertainment, a “Flag-rising Ceremony” is usually conducted as well. While attending their activity, the Chinese Consul General in New York Liu Biwei once urged the local Chinese community to raise the “five-starred red flag.” [71] He claimed that “it was a wise choice to follow this trend of social development;” [72] the “five-starred red flag,” “your name is more important than our lives.” [73]

In the morning of September 23, 2006, the Chinese Consul General in San Francisco, Peng Keyu presided in person the “Flag-rising Ceremony” at the Portsmouth Square in Chinatown for the 57th anniversary of the CCP ruling China. Vice Consul General Wang Xinping, consuls Tong Xuejun, Yan Jinlin and vice consul Chen Xiaoyi arrived together. Dozens of community leaders including president Zhong Shaoyuan and the first vice president of the Chinese American Association of Commerce (CAAC) Huang Xihai, president Huang Huaxi and vice president Liu Jianfa of the National Association for China's Peaceful Unification (NACPU), consultant Bai Lan of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce (CCC), manager Li Biao and deputy manager Huang Ronghui of Ying On Labor & Merchant Association, and consultant Wu Guobao of Sam Yup Benevolent Association, as well as over 200 overseas Chinese attended the ceremony. Chi Honghu, executive chairman of the People's Republic of China (PRC) National Day Celebration Committee said that due to the “gradual increase of overall state power of China, many traditional Chinese American associations have started to hang the 'five-starred red flag' one after another.” In the evening of that same day, celebration dinner parties were held concurrently at the Far East Cafe and Four Seas Restaurant in San Francisco’s Chinatown. More than 1000 community leaders and members were present. [74]

2.3.2 Overseas Chinese Patriotism Exploited by the Chinese Communist Party during the Beijing Olympic Torch Relay

According to China News Agency 's April 17 report from Beijing, the director of State Council's Overseas Chinese Affairs Office, Li Haifeng said, “From pictures on TVs, newspapers and Internet, we can see a big crowd of overseas Chinese protecting the “Olympic Torch” with five-starred red flags flown everywhere.” [75] In his talk of less than 130 words, Li Haifeng repeatedly emphasized that it was a voluntarily action of overseas Chinese to “support the Olympics” and “condemn the independence of Tibet”. However, from the following CCP central government level news reports, we know that the large scale action of overseas Chinese was not at all out of their hearts. Instead they were organized activities by the CCP consulates and associations under their control. The so-called patriotism of overseas Chinese was in fact manipulated and taken advantage of by the CCP and has thus become a tool for the CCP in expressing its will.

Let's look at the two stops of the “Beijing Olympic Torch Relay (BOTR)” in San Francisco and Australia:

(1) On April 9, the BOTR arrived at San Francisco, USA

China News Net reported on March 15 that according to World Journal in the U.S., the Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association (a.k.a. Chinese Six Companies) and the Chinese Consulate General in San Francisco co-initiated a signature campaign among Chinese communities to welcome the Beijing Olympic Torch (BOT). They planned to send in the signatures to the consulate later on. [76]

China News Net correspondent Wu Zhuoming reported on April 3 that they have learned that the Chinese consulate had sent letters to all Chinese organizations in the Bay Area to request head counts for April 9. CAAC president Zhong Shaoyuan said that his organization had been preparing for the welcome activities of the BOTR. On April 9, Zhong Shaoyuan told the VOA reporter in an interview: “CAAC has arranged for 150 groups to welcome the torch.” [77]